托福备考词汇先行:写作关键用词及短语汇总

2014-6-28 09:01| 发布者: 易留学| 查看: 7520| 评论: 0

  很多同学在托福[微博]写作时会语句匮乏,今天新东方托福考试网小编为大家整理:托福写作关键用词及短语汇总,快让你的托福作文丰富起来吧!

  数量词

  一些a range of ; a variety of ; a series of ; an array of

  无数innumerable ; countless

  许多plenty of ; many ; much ; a great deal of ; a lot of ; ample

  非常多(大)的tremendous

  依序列举list in sequence

  时间词

  过时的outdated ; antiquated ; outmoded ; obsolete ; anachronistic

  短暂的ephemeral ; transitory ; transient ; short-lived

  不合时宜的anachronism

  可持久的durable ; able to stand wear ; last a long time

  一再time after time ; again and again

  初始的preliminary

  前述的aforementioned ; aforesaid ; former

  自古到今from ancient times to the present day ; down through the ages

  年轻人young people ; youngster ; youth ; young adult

  老式的old-fashioned ; out of date ; dated

  偶尔from time to time ; now and then ; once in a while ; at times

  时常often ; frequently ; repeatedly

  永远的eternal ; perpetual ; lasting throughout life

  重整办事优先顺序reshape priorities

  目前so far ; by far

  一次就可完成的事one-time event

  正/反意见(opinion)

  骂yell at ; reprimand ; chide ; scold ; reprove

  支持support ; endorse ; back up ; uphold

  谴责condemn ; express strong disapproval of

  错的mistaken ; erroneous ; wrong incorrect

  错事wrongdoing ; had acts ; misbehavior

  做相反的do the reverse of ; do the opposite

  归咎blame…on ; put the blame on … ; …is to blame

  瓦解disintegrate ; break up ; separate into small parts

  支持某一方in favor of ; on the side of

  不会犯错的infallible

  意见不和clashes of opinion

  一致的unanimous ; in complete agreement

  不恰当inappropriate ; improper ; unsuitable ; inadequate

  批判criticize ; blame; find fault with ; make judgments of the merits and faults of…

  我们想念…we are convinced that…; we are certain that。.

  我愿意I incline to; I am inclined to; I am willing to; I tend to

  有用的useful ; of use; serviceable; good for; instrumental; productive

  有意义的meaningful; fulfilling

  他们不愿承认这一点they have always been reluctant to admit this…

  在大家同意下by common consent of…

  否定deny; withhold; negate

  承认admit; acknowledge; confess; concede

  于事无补of no help; of no avail; no use

  使…受益benefit…; do good to…; is good for…; is of great benefit to…

  成语及俗语及搭配方式

  想法frame of mind; mind set; the way one is thinking

  想出come up with

  找出come up with; find out

  利用use; take advantage of

  夸耀brag about; boast about; show off; speak too highly of

  照顾take care of; take charge of; attend to; watch over

  对…很了解have a deep knowledge of…

  对抗权威stand up against authority; resisit boldly the authority

  对…有信心have confidence in

  说清楚articulate; verbalize; put in words; utter

  接受…之美意embrace the offer of…

  累积amass; accumulate; heap up; assemble

  连系tact; get in touch with; contact with

  排除这可能性rule out the possibility

  等于is equivalent to; equal

  选择choose; elect; opt for; pick; single out

  发出deliver; give out; hand over

  绕路detour; take a detour; take a roundabout way

  禁止进入is kept out; is barred from

  小看make little of

  坏了out of order; on the blink; is not working

  分别distinguish between; make a distinction between; tell…from

  依靠count on; depend on

  忽视neglect; give too little care to

  存在come to be; come into existence; come to birth; come into being

  考虑consider; take into consideration; take into account

  考虑到in consideration of

  用尽力气exhaust one’s strength; use up one’s strength

  开动initiate; set going

  准备…brace for; prepare for

  在于lie in; rest on; rest with

  主动take the initiative

  不算exclusive of; not counting; leaving out

  应该得到deserve; have right to; is worthy of

  避免avoid; shun; get around; circumvent

  幻想fantasy; play of the mind

  以此标准来算by this criterion; by this standard

  乍看之下at first glance

  面对in the face of; in the presence of

  以by means of; by virtue of; by the use of

  不惜代价at all costs

  每况愈下from bad to worse

  承受错误造成的后果in reaping the harvest of his mistakes

  取得同意…get the go-ahead to

  不择手段unscrupulously; by hook or by crook

  想法与作法beliefs and practices

  内情ins and outs; turns and twists

  关键时刻the critical moment

  虽然although; notwithstanding; albeit; though

  功能用法与功能词用法

  根据according to; on the basis of; on the ground of (that); in the light of; in line with; in accordance with

  逃避问题evade the question

  增大enlarge; extend; aggrandize

  澄清clarify; make clear

  赔偿compensate for; give…as compensation for

  实现carry out; implement; realize; make…come true

  假定suppose; assume; postulate; hypothesize

  极端的radical; extreme

  极端的措施drastic measures

  剩下的the rest; the remainder; what is left

  换言之in other words; put another way

  结果result; aftermath; consequence

  优点advantage; strength; strong point; merit; benefit

  简言之put simply; in short; in brief; in a nutshell

  举例而言for instance; for example; to illustrate; let us cite 特别是an illustration; to cite a concrete case

  特别是especially; more than others; particularly; in particular

  既然…now that…; seeing that…

  迹象inkling; hint; clue; a slight suggestion

  缺点disadvantage; demerit; shortcoming; drawback; weakness

  除去do away with; eliminate; remove; get rid of

  缺少for lack of; for a deficiency of

  毕竟after all; all in all

  范围scope; field; realm

  潜力potential;

  行为conduct; behavior; doings

  隔绝isolate; insulate

  分辨出identify; recognize

  不易懂的elusive; hard to understand

  展开unfold

  回馈feedback

  主导的人物a dominant figure; a controlling man; the most influential person

  观点viewpoint; point of view; perspective; standpoint

  正在进行中is underway

  只是一种姿态is merely a gesture

  立场position; stand; stance

  意向inclination; leaning; intention

  特权privilege; a special right

  来自stem from; come from

  一件事的不同说法alternative statements of fact

  写作关键(常用词)

  交织intertwine; interweave

  好奇心the eager desire to know; curiosity

  尊敬respect; esteem; think highly of

  顽固的headstrong; obstinate; stubborn

  暗淡的gloomy; dark; dim

  巨大的huge; gigantic; colossal; vast; enormous; tremendous

  探索explore; fathom

  执行carry out; execute; do

  现代modern times; modern age; contemporary age

  偏见prejudice; bias; partiality; predilection

  混乱chaos; commotion; confusion; disturbance; tumult

  无弹性(僵硬)rigid

  无缺点的flawless; airtight

  无药可救incurable

  无法避免的unavoidable; inevitable

  细密的计划elaborate plan

  取消cancel; annul; abolish

  解药a cure for…; a remedy for;

  谜puzzle; riddle; enigma

  机会平等equality of opportunity

  较有影响力的国家a predominant country

  遵守abide by; conform to; observe; comply with

  热情的passionate; ardent; zealous

  模糊的ambiguous; vague; obscure

  影响长远的far-reaching

  失望despair; loss of hope; without hope

  幼稚childish; childlike; naïve

  挑剔的picky; choosy; fastidious

  破坏destroy; ruin; break to pieces; devasate

  技巧的skillful; adept; dexterous

  警觉的alert; watchful; on guard; wary of

  忍受bear; put up with; endure; stand

  证据evidence; facts; proof; grounds; testimony

  很容易地easily; with little problem; with little hindrance

  令人惊讶的amazing; astonishing; astounding

  生动的报导vivid description

  争取compete for; try hard to win

  遗产heritage; legacy; inheritance

  保护protect; safeguard; preserve; shelter

  了解understand; comprehend; catch the meaning of; catch on

  汇露reveal; make known; disclose

  放大amplify; magnify; enlarge

  动力impetus; driving force; momentum

  自满的complacent

  第一流的first-rate; excellent

  安全处refuge; asylum; haven; sanctuary

  强调emphasize; stress; highlight

  短视的决定short-sighted decision

  真正的genuine; authentic; real

  怪异的eccentric; peculiar; odd

  明显的distinct; clear; explicit; obvious

  得到…的注意capture one’s attention

  事事干涉的meddlesome; interfering

  背景setting; background

  假的fake; false; counterfeit

  夸大报导dramatize

  退步setback

  古人the ancients

  古老的old; ancient; archaeic

  逃犯infringe (on); violate

  使害怕intimidate; frighten

  带来生气enliven

  对手rival

  吸引人的intriguing

  旁观者onlooker

  准确地说to be exact; to be precise; precisely

  突然醒悟it dawned on me that

  仔细思考之后after long deliberation; after careful thought

  对比及其相关用词

  可互换的interchangeable

  可与…相比is comparable with (to)

  普遍的prevailing; common; prevalent

  是一个对比is a sharp contrast to

  比作is likened to; is compared to

  多样化的heterogeneous

  单一性的homogeneous

  写作关系/逻辑用词

  一般而言in general; generally speaking; by and large

  满于现状be happy with what you are

  预测未来project into the future

  另一个观点是… another way of looking at the matter is…

  不宜取笑… it is not deuncent to make f of…

  评估社会文化因素 assess (evaluate) sociocultural factors

  那并非说… that does not mean that…

  那有这回事 there is no such thing as

  一个有待克服的困难是… a major hurdle for us to overcome is…

  由…造成 caused by; attributable to; due to; resulting from

  由…组成 is made up of…; is comprised of; consist

  必须从两方面考虑此问题this problem needs to be considered on two dimensions:

  限制limit; restrict; refrain; restrain; keep within limits; confine; keep in check

  一般人认为… conventional wisdom suggests that…

  这方法有陷阱the method had pitfalls:

  说服convince; persuade; cause to believe

  具体的specific; concrete; tangible

  刻意的intentional; on purpose; intended

  费时间去了解…take time to acquaint oneself with…

  …是此问题的核心 …is at the root of the issue

  无法估计is beyond calculation; incalculable

  无资格的disqualified




QQ|易留学-美国留学托福考试培训网版权所有 ( 京ICP备14025980号-1 )  

GMT+8, 2017-9-20 22:52 , Processed in 0.056295 second(s), 18 queries .

返回顶部